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  • Date of Publication : 2024-01-21 Article Type : Research Article
  • Assessing the impact of urbanization on flood hazards in Ranya city, using GIS and remote sensing

    Kaifi Chomani ¹*

    Affiliation

    ¹ Civil Engineering Department, University of Raparin, Ranya, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region 46012, Iraq.
    *Corresponding Author


    ORCID :

    Kaifi Chomani : https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7323-2281


    DOI :

    https://doi.org/10.23918/eajse.v9i3p14


    Article History

    Received: 2023-06-13

    Revised: 2024-01-15

    Accepted: 2024-01-17

    Abstract

    Flooding is a major threat to people and the environment all over the world. Ranya city has experienced an increase in flooding as a result of demographic shifts, variations in land use land cover (LULC), and urban development. The objective of this research is to assess the effects of urban growth on flooding in Ranya over a 23-year period. The nine factors used to evaluate flood risk maps were elevation, rainfall, topographic wetness index (TWI), stream power index (SPI), LULC, slope, aspect, drainage density, and distance to roads. Flood hazard and LULC maps were created and analysed using The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), geographic information system (GIS), and satellite remote sensing data for the years 2000 and 2023. The result revealed from 2000 to 2023, the settlement and agricultural area increased by approximately 25 and 9.6%, respectively, while barren land decreased by 34.8%. The 0.09% annual growth in the built-up area was a major factor in the expansion of Ranya's high flood-risk areas. Low, moderate, high, and very high categories were used to define the flood risk areas in Ranya. In zones with a very high flood risk, the extent of the flood hazard area in 2023 increased by 1.9% compared to 2000, while it decreased by 11.4% in zones with a low flood risk. Urban areas, and especially city centres, are significantly more likely to experience flooding. Ranya has seen an enormous increase in the amount of flood-prone areas in the last 23 years due to the city's urbanisation. This study used AHP technique that enables researchers to efficiently monitor the urban environment, which may then be used to substantially reduce damages in Ranya City's flood-prone zones. It also assists decision-makers and state officials in understanding how urban growth affects the environment.

    Keywords :

    Flood Hazard; GIS; Urbanization; AHP; Remote Sensing; Ranya


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    @article{chomani,kaifi2023,
     author = {Chomani, Kaifi},
     title = {Assessing the impact of urbanization on flood hazards in Ranya city, using GIS and remote sensing},
     journal = {Eurasian J. Sci. Eng},
     volume = {9},
     number = {3},
     pages = {154-165},
     year = {2023}
    }
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    Chomani, K. (2023). Assessing the impact of urbanization on flood hazards in Ranya city, using GIS and remote sensing. Eurasian J. Sci. Eng, 9(3),154-165.

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    Chomani K. "Assessing the impact of urbanization on flood hazards in Ranya city, using GIS and remote sensing." Eurasian J. Sci. Eng, 9.3, (2023), pp.154-165.

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    Chomani, K. (2023) "Assessing the impact of urbanization on flood hazards in Ranya city, using GIS and remote sensing", Eurasian J. Sci. Eng, 9(3), pp.154-165.

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    Chomani K. Assessing the impact of urbanization on flood hazards in Ranya city, using GIS and remote sensing. Eurasian J. Sci. Eng. 2023; 9(3):154-165.

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  • Assessing the impact of urbanization on flood hazards in Ranya city, using GIS and remote sensing