Metabolic Syndrome and Related Lifestyle Factors Among Group of People in Erbil City

Authors: Pary Hadi 1 & Zida Karim 2
1Food Technology Department, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University, Erbil, Iraq
2Food Technology Department, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, Salahaddin University, Erbil, Iraq

Abstract: The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is rising worldwide. This study aimed to demonstrate the association between major dietary patterns with metabolic syndrome components and the related lifestyle factors among adults in Erbil city. In this cross-sectional study, the participants were selected by applying convenience sampling method among healthy adults by means of lack of chronic diseases and not being pregnant. The study was conducted on a group of n=378 healthy adults filled the form consisted of the 3 sections (sociodemographic, physical activity questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire) in Tishk international university and Brayati neighborhood. among 378 participants, only n=203 participants responded to the practical part, n=113 females and n=90 males, aged between 19 to 60 years. Biochemical tests, anthropometrics, and blood pressure measurements were performed. factor analysis with a principal component PCA method was used to identify dietary patterns. Three major dietary patterns were identified and designed as healthy, western, and traditional with the factor loads (29.66, 20.56 and 17.56) respectively. A high score in western dietary pattern ranges was most correlated with a higher risk of abnormal blood glucose, HbA1c, cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein concentration p-values (0.002, 0.022,0.015, and 0.008) respectively. The participants were determined to be %69.5 physically inactive. A significant association exists between dietary patterns and related lifestyle factors and metabolic syndrome risks among Erbil adults.

Keywords: Dietary Patterns, Metabolic Syndrome, Lifestyle, Factor Analysis, Adults

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Doi: 10.23918/eajse.v9i1p33

Published: January 10, 2023

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