Authors: Sawan Hawro Khaleel1 & Ranj Sirwan Abdullah2
1Department of Technical Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Erbil Technical Engineering College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq
2Department of Technical Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Erbil Technical Engineering College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq
Abstract: This study evaluates optimum performance and determines the parameters of solar water heating system (SWHS) of Erbil climate condition. The proposed SWHS is demonstrated through the efficiency of the flat plate solar collector, the capacity of the storage tank, the useful heat gains from the solar collectors, the outlet temperature of the solar collector and heat transfer rate for the loading zone. The results of the experimental case study showed that the outlet collector temperature is 69.5℃ with total global irradiance which is 631 W/m^2, while, the optimum value of collector efficiency is 0.93, the amount of useful heat gains is 10.238 kW and heat transfer rate for loading zone 7.56162 kW. The solar energy system is adorable system to provide the best products of heating and gets the best useful heat source as quantity as well as quality of energy in Erbil City in Kurdistan region of Iraq. Erbil governorate is a suitable place to receive and store energy, this system is installed in Erbil City at the Research Center of Kurdistan Region.
Keywords: Solar Energy, Energy Analysis Evaluation, Flat Plate Solar Collector, Hot Water Storage Tank with Heat Exchangers (Upper and Lower) Unmixed Fluid, Heat Transfer Rate, Working Fluid through the Pipes.
Published: June 23, 2022
Azad Gilani, H., & Hoseinzadeh, S. (2021). Techno-economic study of compound parabolic collector in solar water heating system in the northern hemisphere. Applied Thermal Engineering, 190, 116756. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2021.116756
Ballard, S. (1996). The in situ permeable flow sensor: A ground‐water flow velocity meter. Groundwater, 34(2), 231-240.
Duffie, J. A., & Beckman, W. A. (2013). Solar engineering of thermal processes. John Wiley & Sons.
Farahat, S., Sarhaddi, F., & Ajam, H. (2009). Exergetic optimization of flat plate solar collectors. Renewable Energy, 34(4), 1169-1174.
Hubbard, V. A., Munday, M. L., Hemminger, R. C., & Holdsclaw, S. T. (2000). System and method for automatically determining the electrical energy service type to which an energy meter is connected: Google Patents.
Jawhar, S. S. (2018). The effect of the roof and glazing type of traditional courtyard houses on energy efficiency. A case of Erbil City, Iraq. Near East University.
Kharlamov, E., Solomakhina, N., Özçep, Ö. L., Zheleznyakov, D., Hubauer, T., Lamparter, S., . . . Watson, S. (2014). How semantic technologies can enhance data access at siemens energy. Paper presented at the International Semantic Web Conference.
Schlipf, A. (2016). Immersion temperature sensor: Google Patents.
Struckmann, F. (2008). Analysis of a flat-plate solar collector. Heat and Mass Transport, Project Report, 2008MVK160.