Revitalization of the Arab District, Erbil City, Iraq

Authors: Nvar Wshar Ali1 & Azad Ahmad Barzanchi2
1Architecture Department, Faculty of Engineering, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq
2Architecture Department, Faculty of Engineering, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq

Abstract: This study attempts to analyze the Arab district and its surroundings to point out severe urban issues and concludes a proposal to revitalize the historic district by providing green areas, entertainment activities and using it to connect Erbil citadel and Al-Muzafariyah Minaret by a livable pedestrian route staring and coming down the citadel, going through the alleyways of the Arab district, and crossing over to Minaret. Creating this axis is an attempt to revitalize the observing crescent moon event and advent Eids on Ramadan nights. In this way, people could relive the traditional experience as they walk down the citadel to the Minaret through the Arab district’s historical alleyways. This attempt will make the district an attraction spot in Erbil, positively affecting cultural tourism. It provides livability and economic growth for Erbil because revitalizing the Arab district leads to the direct revival of the Erbil citadel and Al- Muzafariyah Minaret. The area physically, economically, and socially will be revitalized.

Keywords: The Arab district, Erbil citadel, Al-Muzafariyah Minaret, Revitalization, Historic District, Rehabilitation

Download the PDF Document

Doi: 10.23918/eajse.v7i2p49

Published: December 22, 2021

References

Abbas, A. (2017, June 16). Revitalization of Erbil Citadel and Its Surrounding Districts Erbil Citadel Revitalization and the… Retrieved December 20, 2021, from ResearchGate website: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333487324_Revitalization_Of_Erbil_Citadel_And_Its_Surrounding_Districts_Erbil_Citadel_Revitalization_and_the_Presence_of_Its_Emergence_History

Atik, D., Cakir, H. K., & Esin, B. (2009, May 11). The Importance of City Image Elements through Recognazing And Introducing Of Cities: Edirne Example. Retrieved December 20, 2021, from ResearchGate website: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280624265_The_Importance_Of_City_Image_Elements_Through_Recognazing_And_Introducing_Of_Cities_Edirne_Example

Blu, V. (December 13, 2019). Kurdistan. Utopia Di Un Popolo Tradito. Intervista All’autore Marcogombacci. Retrieved December 13, 2019, from Voce Blu website: https://voceblunews.wordpress.com/2019/12/13/kurdistan-utopia-di-un- popolo-tradito- intervista-allautore-marco-gombacci/.

Choli Minaret | Unbelievable Kurdistan – Official Tourism Site of Kurdistan. (n.d.). Retrieved from bot.gov.krd website: http://bot.gov.krd/erbil-province-erbil/history-and-heritage/choli-minaret

Coeli, F., & Adam, H. W. (2014). Muhammad in history, thought, and culture: an encyclopedia of the Prophet of God. Santa Barbara, California: Abc-Clio, Llc.

Dadghostar, S., & Zandmoghadam, M. (2016). [Review of Organizing Urban Furniture and Its Effect On The Urban Landscape (Case Study: Semnan)]. Science Arena Publications Specialty Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(1), 1–5. Retrieved from https://sciarena.com/en/article/organizing-urban-furniture-and-its-effect-on-the-urban-landscape-case-study-semnan

Dadvand, P., Bartoll, X., Basagaña, X., Dalmau-Bueno, A., Martinez, D., Ambros, A., … Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J. (2016). Green spaces and General Health: Roles of mental health status, social support, and physical activity. Environment International, 91, 161–167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2016.02.029

Djamel, B. (2017, December 26). Urban Regeneration and the Search for Identity in Historic Cities. Retrieved December 20, 2021, from ResearchGate website: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322073885_Urban_Regeneration_and_the_Search_for_Identity_in_Historic_Cities
Erbil (Swary) Qishla • قشله‌ی هه‌ولێر/سواری. (n.d.). Retrieved from database.ours.foundation website: https://database.ours.foundation/QUYL8GV/

Erbil History. (2017). Retrieved from Salahaddin University-Erbil website: https://su.edu.krd/about/history/erbil

Hussein, Mohsen. (1976) (First, pp.246–51). [Erbil in the Covenant Atabeg أربيل في العهد الأتابكي]: Research on the political, economic, military, administrative and cultural conditions of Erbil in the Atabeg era/. d.m.: d.n
IRAQ – General Assessment of Minaret Choli, Erbil. (n.d.). Retrieved from GEMAART website: https://www.gemaart.cz/en/iraq-general-assessment-of-minaret-choli-erbil-2/

Jazeera, A. (2019, February 27). منارة المظفرية.. هنا ذاكرة عهد صلاح الدين الأيوبي. Retrieved from Aljazeera.net website: https://www.aljazeera.net/news/cultureandart/2019/2/27/%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B8%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%87%D9%86%D8%A7-%D8%B0%D8%A7%D9%83%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D8%B5%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AD-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%86

Lynch, K. (n.d.). (First, pp. 46–91) [Review of The Image of the City]. Retrieved from https://www.miguelangelmartinez.net/IMG/pdf/1960_Kevin_Lynch_The_Image_of_The_City_book.pdf. (Original work published 1960)

Omar, K. A., Ismail, S., & Daniel, J. F. (2016, February). The Heritage Values of Arab District, Erbil City, Iraq. Retrieved from ResearchGate website: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299993937_The_Heritage_Values_of_Arab_District_Erbil_City_Iraq

Saleh, O. (2009). (First, pp. 54–66) [Review of Erbil Literature, Science and Civilization الحضارة و العلم و األدب مدينة أربيل]. Erbil: ARAS Publications.

Türk, Y. (n.d.). [Review of A Method in The Context of Urban Planning and Urban Design]. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329620413_A_Method_in_The_Context_of_Urban_Planning_and_Urban_Design

UNESCO, HCECR, & Erbil Governorate. (2013). (First edition, pp. 4–72) [Review of Planning and Building Regulations for the Buffer Zone of Erbil Citadel]. Retrieved from https://drive.google.com/file/d/1wnk3XnFNA8A4kP1w70fxDLoos8FE4Jnr/view

UNESCO. (2014, November 2). Safeguarding the Erbil Citadel to protect the soul of Iraq. Retrieved October 27, 2020, from UNESCO website: https://en.unesco.org/news/safeguarding-erbil-citadel-protect-soul-iraq-0

Welcome to the Iraqi Turkmen Human Rights Research Foundation. (n.d.). Retrieved December 20, 2021, from www.turkmen.nl website: http://www.turkmen.nl/1A_soitm/