Impact of Nano Materials on the Properties of Asphalt Cement

Authors: Salar Khudhur Hussein1 & Taman Ahmed Hussein 2 & Ganjeena Jalal Khoshnaw3
1Civil Engineering Department, Technical College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq
2Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq
3Road Const. Department, Erbil Technology College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq
3Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq

Abstract: Traditional pavement materials are difficult to meet the realistic specifications of current and future highway pavement design requirements. Crude oil refineries with different sizes and efficiencies produce Asphalt cements (rheological and physical) which sometimes need modifications according to the pavement type, environment condition and site requirements. The interest of researchers in nanotechnology applications, particularly in the field of pavement materials, has increased over the last decade. In the present research Aluminum Oxide (Al2O3) and Silica Oxide (Si2O3) were used as Nano material modifiers to investigate their effects on Asphalt cement properties. Three percentages (3, 5, and 7%) by weight from both of them were mixed with asphalt type 40/50 penetration grade obtained from Lanas/Erbil refinery. Rheological and physical properties were investigated for all samples in the laboratory. Results showed that both Nano (silica and alumina) decreased the penetration value by (5) percent and increase the ductility value and softening point temperature. Furthermore, rotational viscosity and stiffness of the modified Asphalt cement found to be increasing gradually with adding more percentages of Nano materials, while temperature sensitivity decreases. Results also recommended that adding (5%) by weight for both Nano materials considered as optimum amount. Low productivity obtained at low and intermediate temperatures mixing Nanoparticles to the asphalt binder.

Keywords: Nano Technology, Nano Silica, Nano Alumina, Rheological and Physical Properties, Modified Asphalt, Viscosity

Download the PDF Document

doi: 10.23918/eajse.v7i1p155


Ali, S. I. A., Ismail, A., Karim, M. R., Yusoff, N. I. M., Al-Mansob, R. A., & Aburkaba, E. (2017). Performance evaluation of Al2O3 nanoparticle-modified asphalt binder. Road Materials and Pavement Design, 18(6), 1251-1268.

Ali, S. I. A., Ismail, A., Yusoff, N. I. M., Hassan, N. A., & Ibrahim, A. N. H. (2016). Characterization of the performance of aluminum oxide nanoparticles modified asphalt binder. Jurnal Teknologi, 78(4).

Bayekolaei, M. D., Naderi, K., & Nejad, F. M. (2016). A statistical analysis on the mechanical properties of nanocomposite modified asphalt mixtures. Petroleum Science and Technology, 34(16), 1439-1446.

Chong, K. P. (2004). Nanoscience and engineering in mechanics and materials. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 65(8-9), 1501-1506.

Enieb, M., & Diab, A. (2017). Characteristics of asphalt binder and mixture containing nanosilica. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 10(2), 148-157.

Ghile, D. B. (2006). Effects of nanoclay modification on rheology of bitumen and on performance of asphalt mixtures.

Isacsson, U., & Zeng, H. (1998). Low-temperature cracking of polymer-modified asphalt. Materials and Structures, 31(1), 58-63.

Jahromi, S. G., & Khodaii, A. (2009). Effects of nanoclay on rheological properties of bitumen binder. Construction and Building Materials, 23(8), 2894-2904.

Khattak, M. J., Khattab, A., Rizvi, H. R., & Zhang, P. (2012). The impact of carbon nano-fiber modification on asphalt binder rheology. Construction and Building Materials, 30, 257-264.

Lazzara, G., & Milioto, S. (2010). Dispersions of nanosilica in biocompatible copolymers. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 95(4), 610-617.

Marandi, S. M., & Ghasemi, M. (2013). Laboratory studies of the effect of recycled glass powder additive on the properties of polymer modified asphalt binders. International Journal of Engineering, 26(10), 1183-1190.

Morshed, K., Atiyah, B. I., & Al-Jadiri, S. A. (2019). Predicting the Effect of Adding the Nanoalumina on the Characterization of Asphalt Base Composite. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET), 10(01), 1418-1430.

Ping, L., & Yunlong, L. (2014). Review on Nano Modified Asphalt. Applied Mechanics & Materials.

Shafabakhsh, G. H., & Ani, O. J. (2015). Experimental investigation of effect of Nano TiO2/SiO2 modified bitumen on the rutting and fatigue performance of asphalt mixtures containing steel slag aggregates. Construction and Building Materials, 98, 692-702.

Shafabakhsh, G. H., Mirabdolazimi, S. M., & Sadeghnejad, M. (2014). Evaluation the effect of nano-TiO2 on the rutting and fatigue behavior of asphalt mixtures. Construction and Building Materials, 54, 566-571.

Yang, J., & Tighe, S. (2013). A review of advances of nanotechnology in asphalt mixtures. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 96, 1269-1276.

Yao, H., You, Z., Li, L., Lee, C. H., Wingard, D., Yap, Y. K., … & Goh, S. W. (2013). Rheological properties and chemical bonding of asphalt modified with nanosilica. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 25(11), 1619-1630.

You, Z., Mills-Beale, J., Foley, J. M., Roy, S., Odegard, G. M., Dai, Q., & Goh, S. W. (2011). Nanoclay-modified asphalt materials: Preparation and characterization. Construction and Building Materials, 25(2), 1072-1078.

Yu, J., Zeng, X., Wu, S., Wang, L., & Liu, G. (2007). Preparation and properties of montmorillonite modified asphalts. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 447(1-2), 233-238.

Yusoff, N. I. M., Breem, A. A. S., Alattug, H. N., Hamim, A., & Ahmad, J. (2014). The effects of moisture susceptibility and ageing conditions on nano-silica/polymer-modified asphalt mixtures. Construction and Building Materials, 72, 139-147.

Zghair, H. H., Jony, H., & Hassan, M. (2019, June). Rheological Characteristics of Nano Silica Modified Asphalt Binder Material. In 2019 International Engineering Conference (IEC) (pp. 79-84). IEEE.