The Service Range of Hospitals and the Syntactic Values of Their Positions in Erbil

Author: No’man M.H. Bayaty1
1Architectural Department, Faculty of Engineering, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq

Abstract: The growing nature of the city of Erbil under a relatively prosperous economy has led to the establishment of many private and public institutions, including hospitals and clinical facilities. The locations of these establishments and their relations with the city’s network have not been studied enough. This research is trying to check the positions of these hospitals and compare their effect on the city through space syntax. Hospitals of Erbil are counted and classified into local and global. Then an axial analysis is run to identify the local and global cores of the city. The third step is to compare the locations of these hospitals with the syntactic values of their positions. The research found that large hospitals are more compatible with their positions than the local ones, and there are neighborhoods in the city that still lack their local hospitals.

keyword: Hospitals’ Locations, Site Analysis, Space Syntax, Erbil

Download the PDF Document

doi: 10.23918/eajse.v6i1p212


Adler, D. (ed.) (1999). Metric handbook: Planning and design data (2nd Edition), United Kingdom, Architectural Press.

Al-Sayed K. (2018). Space syntax methodology (5th Version) A teaching guide for MSc courses, Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL.

Apparicio, P., Abdelmajid, M., Riva, M., & Shearmur, R. (2008). Comparing alternative approaches to measuring the geographical accessibility of urban health services: Distance types and aggregation-error issues. International Journal of Health Geographics, 7(1), 7. DOI: 10.1186/1476-072x-7-7.

Hillier B., & Hanson J. (1989). The social logic of space (1st Edition), United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press.

Koch D., & Steen J. (2012). Analysis of strongly programmed workplace environments: Architectural configuration and time-space properties of hospital work. Proceedings of the 8th Space Syntax Symposium, Ref. No. 8146. Santiago.

Love D., & Lindquist P. (1995). The geographical accessibility of hospitals to the aged: A geographic information systems analysis within Illinois. Health Services Research. 29:6, pp. 629-651.

Lu Y., Peponis J., & Zimring C. (2009). Targeted visibility analysis in buildings correlating targeted visibility analysis with distribution of people and their interactions within an intensive care unit. Proceedings of the 7th Space Syntax Symposium, Ref. No. 068. Stockholm.

Neufert, E., & Neufert, P. (2002). The architect’s data (3rd Edition), United Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell.

Oppia, A., Buffoli M., Dell’Ovo M., & Capolongo S. (2016). Addressing decisions about new hospitals’ siting: a multidimensional evaluation approach. NCBI, 52(1), 75-87.DOI: 10.4415/ANN_16_01_14.

Soltani A., & Marandi E. Z. (2011). Hospital site selection using two-stage fuzzy multi-criteria decision making process. Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering, 5(1), 32-43. DOI: 0.4090/juee.2011.v5n1.032043.

Trzpuc, S. J., & Martin, C. S. (2010). Application of Space Syntax Theory in the Study of Medical-Surgical Nursing Units in Urban Hospitals. HERD: Health Environments Research & Design Journal, 4(1), 34–55. DOI:10.1177/193758671000400104.

Varnakovida P., & Messina J. P. (2008). Hospital Site Selection Analysis. Retrieved from