Designing Effective Ventilation Systems for Multi-Purpose Basement Shelters

Authors:  Rasha Alkabbanie1 & Siba Kady2 & Haval Sami3
1Mechatronics Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ishik University, Erbil, Iraq
2&3 Interior Designing Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ishik University, Erbil, Iraq

Abstract:  In the Middle East, the basements were constructed to effectively use the underground space for storing food or extra stuff, for car parks, and other household uses. Also, since many countries of the Middle East suffered from wars for decades, basements also have been utilized as shelters. Since basement shelters may be occupied for days continuously during the war attacks, they should have proper ventilation systems to control both the moisture and the indoor air quality. This research introduces suggested ventilation systems designs for the multi-purpose basement shelters during three different scenarios which are: 1-in the regular days when no risk is found, 2-when the building is exposed to blast attacks, and 3-when the building is exposed to chemical attacks. Finally, this paper also shows the need of proper ventilation systems that can be installed in an effective way to prevent the health risks of the occupants and the structural damage of the building caused by poor ventilation.

Keywords: Ventilation, Basement, Shelters, Blast Attacks, Chemical Attacks, Moisture, Air Quality
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doi: 10.23918/eajse.v4i4p39


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