Characterization of ZnO Nanoparticles Prepared from Green Synthesis Using Euphorbia Petiolata Leaves

Authors:  Azeez Abdullah Barzinjy1&2 & Samir Mustafa Hamad3&4 & Haidar Jalal Ismael1
1Department of Physics, College of Education, Salahaddin University, Erbil, Iraq
2Department of Physics Education, Faculty of Education, Ishik University, Erbil, Iraq
3Research Centre, Cihan University, Erbil, Iraq
4Scientific Research Centre, Delzyan Campus, Soran University, Soran, Iraq

Abstract:  This investigation is one of the early studies for preparation of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles from green synthesis utilizing Euphorbia petiolata leaves, which are collected from Kurdistan region in Iraq, as a reducing and stabilizing agent throughout an easy and green synthesis method. The chemical interaction of Euphorbia petiolata leaves extract with the aqueous mixture of zinc nitrate and the oxidation through galvanizing process professionally produced the reduction of the zinc ions and creation of zinc oxide nanoparticles. The steadiness, cleanliness and crystalline nature of green synthesized nanoparticles were verified by means of UV-vis spectroscopy, EDAX and XRD procedures. UV-vis spectroscopy of prepared zinc colloidal solution displayed absorption maxima at 360 nm. XRD analysis revealed that Zn nanoparticles approve the hexagonal-wurtzite construction with a typical particle size of 55-60 nm. Likewise, the pattern of promising process result in creation of nanoparticles was explained. The important advantages of this process are: short reaction-time, fast, distinct stage, environmentally friendly synthesis of the ZnO nanoparticles, removal of harmful ingredients, and reproducibility of the process.

Keywords: Green Synthesis Nanoparticles, ZnO Nanoparticles, Euphorbia Petiolate
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doi: 10.23918/eajse.v4i3sip74


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