Mechanical Behavior of Concrete with Cement Partially Replaced by Chewed Gum

Authors :Najmadeen M. Saeed1 & Arass O. Mawlod2 & Ahmed A. Manguri3
1&2&3Civil Engineering Department, University of Raparin, Iraq

Abstract:Chewed gum being left on streets is a common problem everywhere and it makes the environment totally dirty, which is so costly to clear. In this research, the chewed gum was collected and stored in the freezer in order to be very brittle and easily crushed to powder, which was passed through the sieve No. 16 (1.18mm). This study investigates cement replaced by chewed gum. Eight batches were prepared to show the effect of chewed gum on the mechanical properties of concrete, through replacing the gum powder by 0.25%, 0.50%, 0.75%, 1.25%, 1.50% and 1.75% of the weight of cement to compare with the conventional concrete for w/c=0.55. The samples were tested for compressive strength and splitting tensile strength at ages of 7 and 28 days. On the basis of the experiment results, it was concluded that in general the compressive strength and splitting tensile strength decrease by increasing the chewed gum content in the concrete mix, when cement is partially replaced by chewed gum for both ages 7 and 28 days.

Keywords: Chewed Gum, Compressive Strength, Splitting Tensile Strength

doi: 10.23918/eajse.v3i2p133

Download the PDF Document from here.

Abdeljaleel, N. S., Hassaballa, A. E., & Mohamed, A. R. E. (2012). The Effects of Gum Arabic
Powder and Liquid On the Properties of Fresh and Hardened Concrete. International
Journal of Engineering Inventions, 1(12), 57-65.
Akasha, N. M., Moh, M. A., & Othman, S. A. (2016). The Effect of Acacia Tortilis Gums on the
Properties of Fresh and Hardened Concrete. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil
Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), 13(2), 75-80.

Annaamalai, M. G. L., Maheswaran, G., Yuvaraja, R., & Jayakodi, R. (2015). Effect of Partial
Replacement of Cement with Neem Gum on the Strength Characteristics of High
Performance Concrete. International Journal of Chemtech research, 8(1), 178-183.
ASTM-C33 (2003). Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates. Annual Book of ASTM
Standards, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
Khoshavi, H. I. (2005). Shear Strength and Behavior of Crushed Stone Reinforced Concrete Deep
Beams with Web Openings (Master Thesis). University of Salahaddin.
Lachemi, M., Hossain, K., Lambros, V., Nkinamubanzi, P.C., & Bouzoubaâ, N. (2004). Selfconsolidating concrete incorporating new viscosity modifying admixtures. Cement and
Concrete Research, 34(6), 917-926.
MacGinley, T. J., & Choo, B. S., (1990). Reinforced Concrete: Design Theory and Examples.
Second Edition. CRC Press.
Mawlod, A. O., & Saeed, N. M. (2017). Impact of Cement Replacement Partially by Mosaic powder
on Compressive Strength of Concrete. Eurasian Journal of Science & Engineering,
(EAJSE), 2(2), 9-18.
Oh, T.K., Kim, J., Lee, C., & Park, S. (2017). Nondestructive concrete strength estimation based on
electro-mechanical impedance with artificial neural network. Journal of Advanced
Concrete Technology, 15(3), 94-102.
Raijiwala, D., & Patil, H. (2010). Geopolymer concrete A green concrete, Chemical, Biological and
Environmental Engineering (ICBEE), 2010 2nd International Conference on. IEEE, pp.
Saeed, N. M. (2010). Shear Strength And Behavior of Crushed Stone High Strength Reinforced
Concrete Deep Beams Without Horizontal Reinforcement. Thesis (MSc). University of
Saleh, A. M. (2001). To Obtain High-Strength Concrete and the Resistance through the
Improvement of Natural Additions.Moscow Thesis (PhD). International University of Civil
Worrell, E., Price, L., Martin, N., Hendriks, C., & Meida, L. O. (2001). Carbon Dioxide Emissions
from the Global Cement Industry. Annual review of energy and the environment, 26(1),