Linear Modelling for Sustainable Transportation System

Author : Hassan Majeed Hassoon Aldelfi1
1Department of Interior Design, Ishik University, Erbil, Iraq

Abstract:   In this paper, the four principles of sustainability and the limitations of high and low quality fuel energy have been considered to simulate the transportation systems. The environmental impacts of transportation systems are related with populations and technology which all lead to unsustainable impact on environment. Five means of transportation systems have been considered in this model, those transportations systems are bicycle, water, taxi, bus and metro. The resulting ecological footprint effect expressed in Anti-Sustainable Impact is being used to reflect those means of transport on environment. A simplified approach to those means is represented in the derived linear model by Bicycle Sustainable Unit BSU. The equivalent effects of different transportation systems on environment are represented graphically. Guidelines for such results are considered to optimize the sustainability of transportations. Conclusive remarks have been drawn accordingly to achieve safe and sustainable guidelines to be implemented in future traffic and transportation systems and their deployments in cities.

Keywords: Anti-Sustainability, Transportation, Environmental Impact, Modeling, Sustainability, Mathematical, Ecology, Ecological Footprint, Carbon Footprint, Traffic Systems

doi: 10.23918/eajse.v3i1sip238

Download the PDF Document from here.

Dow Jones INDEX. (1999). Dow Jones Sustainability Indices. Retrieved from
Gilbert, R., Irwin, N & Hollingsworth, B. (2002). Sustainable Transportation Performance
Indicators (STPI). Retrieved from
Hassoon, H. M. (2016). Lectures Notes, Civil Engineering Dept., Ishik University, Erbil, Iraq
Ma, U. (2016). No Waste Managing Sustainability in Construction. London: Gower Publishing
Miller, G. T., & Spoolman, S. E. (2012). Living in the Environment. 17th edition. London, ST:
Publisher. Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning.
Richard, G., Irwin, N., Hollingsworth, B., & Blais, P. (2002). Sustainable Transportation
Performance Indicators (STPI). Retrieved

Yevdokimov, Y., & Mao, H. (2004). Modeling Sustainable Transportation Systems. Retrieved from