Fresh Properties of Lightweight Concrete and Lightweight Self Compacting Concrete Produced with Pumice Aggregate

Authors: Baban Jamal Hamasalh1 & Bahman Omar Taha2 & Ganjeena Jalal Madhat33
1Civil Engineering Department, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq
2Civil Engineering Department, Erbil Technical Engineering College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq
3Building Construction Department, Erbil technical Institute, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq

Abstract: Lightweight aggregates have long been used widely in construction worldwide. One of the most widely used lightweight aggregate in concrete construction is Pumice. This paper investigates the lightweight concrete (LWC) and lightweight self-compacting concrete’s (LWSCC) fresh properties produced by using pumice aggregates. Two groups of concrete were made, first lightweight concrete, and the second group was lightweight self-compacting concrete by using lightweight coarse and fine aggregate (Pumice) (50% – 60% by volume) with fine natural aggregates (50% – 40% by volume). 10% of silica fume was used as cement replacement with a constant (0.40) water-to-binder ratio by mass. Both groups of concrete’s rheological properties were studied by conducting a comprehensive series test (slump, slump flow, J–Ring, L-Box, and V-Funnel). The fresh densities and workability tests showed that this lightweight concrete meets the lightweight structural concrete requirements. Developing LWC and LWSCC with acceptable rheological characteristics and density, which are more environmentally friendly, and low-cost, will support the sustainable construction and reconstruction of volcanic disaster regions worldwide.

Keywords: Lightweight Concrete (LWC), Lightweight Self-Compacting Concrete (LWSCC), Aggregate, Pumice, Fresh Property

Download the PDF Document

doi: 10.23918/eajse.v6i2p11

References

Akers, D. J., Gruber, R. D., Ramme, B. W., Boyle, M. J., Grygar, J. G., Rowe, S. K., . . . Burg, R. G. (2003). Guide for structural lightweight-aggregate concrete. ACI 213R-03. American Concrete Institute (ACI), Michigan.

Ardalan, R. B., Joshaghani, A., & Hooton, R. D. (2017). Workability retention and compressive strength of self-compacting concrete incorporating pumice powder and silica fume. Construction and Building Materials, 134, 116-122.

Bozkurta, N., & Taşkin, V. (2017). Design of Self Compacting Lightweight Concrete Using Acidic Pumice with Different Powder Materials. Acta Physica Polonica, A., 132(3).

Caiza, M., Gonzalez, C., Toulkeridis, T., & Bonifaz, H. (2018). Physical properties of pumice and its behavior as a coarse aggregate in concrete. Cem. Wapno Beton, 6, 468-478.

Chia, K.-S., Chen-Chung, K., & Min-Hong, Z. (2005). Stability of fresh lightweight aggregate concrete under vibration. ACI materials journal, 102(5), 347.

Concrete, S.-C. (2005). The European guidelines for self-compacting concrete. BIBM, et al, 22.

Cui, H., Lo, T. Y., Memon, S. A., & Xu, W. (2012). Effect of lightweight aggregates on the mechanical properties and brittleness of lightweight aggregate concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 35, 149-158.

Green, S. M., Brooke, N. J., McSaveney, L. G., & Ingham, J. M. (2011). Mixture design development and performance verification of structural lightweight pumice aggregate concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 23(8), 1211-1219.

Hossain. (2004). Properties of volcanic pumice-based cement and lightweight concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 34(32), 283-291.

Hossain, K., Ahmed, S., & Lachemi, M. (2011). Lightweight concrete incorporating pumice based blended cement and aggregate: Mechanical and durability characteristics. Construction and Building Materials, 25(3), 1186-1195.

Hossain, K. M. A., & Lachemi, M. (2007). Strength, durability, and micro-structural aspects of high-performance volcanic ash concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 37(5), 759-766.

Litvan, G. G. (1985). Furthur Study of Particulate Admixtures for Enhanced Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Concrete. Paper presented at the Journal Proceedings.

Maghsoudi, A., Mohamadpour, S., & Maghsoudi, M. (2011). Mix design and mechanical properties of self compacting light weight concrete.

Papanicolaou, C., & Kaffetzakis, M. (2009). Pumice aggregate self-compacting concrete (PASCC). Paper presented at the In: 16th Conference on Concrete, Paphos.

Parhizkar, T., Najimi, M., & Pourkhorshidi, A. (2012). Application of pumice aggregate in structural lightweight concrete. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building And Housing), 13 (1), 43-54

Topçu, I. B., & Uygunoğlu, T. (2010). Effect of aggregate type on properties of hardened self-consolidating lightweight concrete (SCLC). Construction and Building materials, 24(7), 1286-1295.

Ünal, O., Uygunoğlu, T., & Yildiz, A. (2007). Investigation of properties of low-strength lightweight concrete for thermal insulation. Building and Environment, 42(2), 584-590.

Yeginobali, A. (2002). Structural lightweight concretes produce with natural lightweight aggregates in Turkey. In 17th International Congress of the Precast Concrete Industry.